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That is one question that many ask, without realising the plethora of new information that they are absorbing in the meantime. Contrary to popular belief, lower secondary sciences are almost entirely different from those in primary school levels.

Science in Primary School levels focuses mainly on observations, inquiry and discovery. Schools provide a platform for children to explore the general sciences around them, exposing them to different aspects of science and prepare them with basic scientific knowledge. Hence, Primary School science rarely requires students to explain the logic on how the various sciences work.

This is reflected during examinations and even PSLE, where more than 50% of the questions are asked through multiple choice and not open-ended explanations.
Unfortunately, the tables are turned for science examinations in lower secondary levels. Students are required to express through words based on their understanding and explain some key concepts. This is where many students find it difficult to accomplish at this level.

Answering techniques aside, students should also take note of the following changes in the topic of Science as they enter Secondary School:

1. It is not just a build-up of knowledge from Primary School Science
Numerous new scientific laws, formulae, mechanisms await our prospective students and they do not have prior knowledge on, unlike other subjects. These are also the foundation for advanced sciences in Upper Secondary.

2. Explaining scientific concepts
As if understanding these concepts isn’t difficult enough, students are expected to explain them as it is, or even through scenarios and examples that students have not seen before during class.

3. It is all about the data
Questions posed in science examinations often requires students to analyse the given data and apply the concepts they have learnt in their answers. To make it more difficult, there is no hint on which specific concept is being tested.

4. Using specific keywords
Students need to apply specific scientific keywords in their answers to be awarded marks during examinations. No matter how well students attempt at explaining the concepts in their own words, without keywords, students cannot score the full marks given by the questions.

5. Bridging different scientific concepts
Sometimes one question can combine various concepts to test if students truly understand them. It is also important for students to see Science in a holistic way, even though they are taught in a topical manner.

With so much more to learn and finesse, paying for good science tuition classes is definitely justified. Students can build up their foundation with regards to the techniques in understanding, recognising and answering questions, which is critical for them to approach higher order thinking questions in Upper Secondary with ease.

If you have any enquiries about our programmes, please email us at info@thekimiyagroup.com or call us at 6554 9440 and we will be more than happy to assist you.